Greek tragedy is a type of theater whose origins can be traced back to Ancient Greece during the 5th century BC. The purpose or importance of Greek Tragedy was such for the inhabitants of classical Athens that it became a sort of religious ceremony and promoted social values and principles. Another term for referring to this genre is Attic tragedy.
Greek tragedy is, from a dramatic point of view (according to theatrical criteria), somewhat appendix of ritualistic acts of worship in honor of the Greek god of grape, harvesting, wine, brewing, fertility, rapture and religious ecstasy as well as theater, namely, Dionysus. The reason for the Greek tragedy being closely connected with epic poetry or the epic in general might have something to do with Mythos (mythos in Greek means word or story). Mythos is a term which Aristotle came up with in his work, Poetics (written in the 2nd century BC) to describe the story line in an Athenian tragedy. According to him, for a tragedy to be considered such, one of the key elements to be included is mythos.
Tragedies typically include something called direct representation, in which the public sees with their own eyes the characters that appear on stage as separate entities, acting autonomously in each scene, each of them equipped with its own psychological dimension. The most important and recognized authors of Greek tragedy include thinkers, philosophers, scribes, teachers and literary professionals known as tragedians, such as Aeschylus, Euripides, Sophocles and Aristotle, all of whom had to face a great deal of criticism from clergy members and council men.
Greek tragedies had a big impact and influence on the aesthetics of Ancient Rome and the period of Renaissance in Europe. Tragic texts relied heavily on myths that made references to oral traditions. However, tragic plays relied mostly on actors.